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History of the European Union

Chronicle History of the European Union

1950
9th May
In his speech the French Foreign Minister Robert represent the plan from Jean Monnet. The plan from Monnet involve the idea to put together the production of steal from France and Germany and to establish an organization which is open for other European countries.


1951
18th April
In Paris six Countries signed the contract for the EGKS - Europaeische Gemeinschaft fuer Kohle und Stahl (European Community for coal and steel)


1952
27th May
In Paris the countries signed the contract of the EVG – Europaeische Verteidigungsgemeinschaft (a European mutual protection pact).


1954
30th August
The French National Assembly decline the EVG contract.

20th to 23rd October
After the conference from Lonon they bring the contracts of Paris to an end. They involve the conditions for the expansion to the Western European Union (WEU).


1955
1st and 2nd June
In the conference from Messina the six countries decide to expanse the European integration to the whole economy.


1957
25th March
In Rome they signed the contracts EWG – Europaeische Wirtschafsgemeinschaft (European economical community) and the EAG – Europaeische Atomgemeinschaft (European Atom Community).


1958
1st January
The work of the EWG and the EAG started in Brussels.


1960
4th January
Out of an initiative from the UK the countries signed the agreement of Stockholm. The EFTA – European Free Trade Agreement.


1962
30th July
A shared agricultural policy (GAP) started.


1963
14th January
In a press conference General de Gaulle declared France will decline the joining from the UK in the EWG.

20th July
In Jaunde the EWG signed the association agreement with 18 African countries.


1965
April
The contract for the fusion of the three executive parts (WEU, EWG, EAG) and for the common council be signed. The work began at 01. July 1967.


1966
29th January
After the Luxemburger compromise France came back in the council.


1968
1st July
18 month earlier then planed all internal duty for economical products became abolish. The shared duty tariff (GZT) with third countires was founded.


1969
1st and 2nd December
In the summit meeting from Den Haag the countries decide to start with the end phase of the community. The final agricultural policy was decided.


1970
22nd April
The contract of the step by step financing through own resources was decided.

30th June
Negotiations with Denmark, Ireland, Norway and the UK in Luxemburg.


1972
22nd January
The joining from Denmark, Ireland, Norway and the UK signed in Brussels.

24th April
The six decide the system of the “currency sneak”. The maximum changing between the exchange rate of the member states is 2,25 %


1973
1st January
Denmark, Ireland, and the UK joined the EWG. (negative referenda in Norway).


1974
9th and 10th December
The nine (not longer six) decide that the European councillor has to come together for three times per year. They make the suggestion of a direct election for the European assembly. The EFRE - European fond for regional elaboration) was founded.


1975
28th February
Lomé I, a agreement with 46 countries from Africa, the Caribbean room and the Pacific ocean (AKP) was signed in Lomé

22nd July
The European audit office was found and the enlargement for the budgetary authority was decided. The work from the audit office started at 01. June 1977.


1978
6th and 7th July
In the summit meeting from Bremen France and Germany propose a deeper teamwork in the currency part. The EWS - Europaeisches Wahrungssystem (European currency system) has to replace the “currency sneak”.


1979
13th March
The EWS began to work.

28th May
Greece and the Europaeische Gemeinschaft – EG - signed a contract for the joining from Greece in the EG. 7. and 10. June The first direct election for the 410 member of the European parliament.

31st October
Lomé II, a agreement with 58 countries from Africa, the Caribbean room and the Pacific ocean (AKP) was signed in Lomé


1981
1st January
Greece joined the EG.


1984
28th February
The ESPRIT program - Europäisches strategisches Programm für Forschung und Entwicklung auf dem Gebiet der Informationstechnologie – (European program for science and development in IT).

14th and 17th June
The second election of the European parliament.

8th December
Lomé III, a agreement with 66 countries from Africa, the Caribbean room and the Pacific ocean (AKP) was signed in Togo.


1985
January
Jacques Delors became president from the committee of the EG.

1986
1st January
Spain and Portugal joined the EG.

17th and 28th February
In Luxemburgs and Den Haag the countries signed the Einheitliche Europaesche Akte (unified European file). The aim is a better integration for the rest of Europe.


1987
14th April
Turkey called for the EWG membership.

1st July
The Einheitliche Europaesche Akte (unified European file) began to work.

27th October
The WEU pass a shared safety precaution.


1988
February
Reform in the financing and the structur fond.


1989
January
4 more years period for the president of the EG commission Jacques Delors.

15th and 18th June
The third direct election of the European parliament.

17th July
Austria called for the EWG membership.

9th November
The Wall of Berlin fall down.

15th December
Lomé 4, an agreement with countries from Africa, the Caribbean room and the Pacific ocean (AKP) was signed.


1990
29th May
The contracts fort he founding from the Europäischen Bank für Wiederaufbau und Entwicklung - EBWE – (European Bank for economic recovery and elaboration) has signed.

19th June
The agreement from Schengen was signed.

4th and 16th July
Malta and Cyprus called for the EWG membership.

3rd October
Reunification of Germany.


1991
1st July
Sweden called for the EWG membership.

21st October
Agreement for the EWR - Europäischen Wirtschaftsraums (European economic Area).

9th and 10th December
Conference of the European councillor in Maastricht.


1992
7th February
The contract for the European Union has signed in Maastricht.

18th March
Finland called for the EWG membership.

25th March
Norway called for the EWG membership.

2nd May
In Porto they signed the EWR.


1993
1st January
Fulfilment of the internal European market.

1st November
The contract from Maastricht began to work.


1994
1st April
Hungary called for the EU membership.

8th April
Poland called for the EU membership.

9th and 12th June
The fourth direct election of the European Parlamente.

24th and 25th June
The joining from Austria, Finland, Norway and Sweden has signed.

27th and 28th November
Negative Referendum in Norway.


1995
1st January
Austria, Finland and Sweden joined the EU.

23rd January
The committee of the EU began to work. The Chairmanship has Jacques Santer.

26th March
The agreement from Schengen began to work.

12th June
European agreement with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

22nd June
Romania called for the EU membership.

27th June
Slovakia called for the EU membership.

27th October
Latvia called for the EU membership.

24th November
Estonia called for the EU membership.

8th December
Lithuania called for the EU membership.

14th December
Bulgaria called for the EU membership.


1996
16th January
Slovenia called for the EU membership.

17th January
Czechoslovakia called for the EU membership.


1997
16th July
Presentation of the Agenda 2000.

20th and 21th November
Maximum at work in Luxembourg.


1998
1st January
Start of the UK presidency.

30th March
Start from the joining procedure from 10 east European countries and Cyprus.

1st July
Start of the Austria presidency


1999
1st January
Start of the German presidency. in spring Election of the European parliament.

1st July
Start of the Finland presidency.

2000
1st January
Start of the Portugal presidency.

1st July
Start of the French presidency.


2002
1st January
The EURO

1st July
The national money does not longer work.


2004
1st Mai
Czech Republic, Slovenia, Slovakia, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Hungary, Cyprus and Malta are the new member of the EU. Following the largest expansion in its history, the EU will grow to a population of 450 million people, creating the largest single market in the world. It also means the EU's decision-making bodies, from the European Commission to the European Parliament, will all be required to operate in a whopping 20 languages.



The European flag

Since 1986 the flag from the Council of Europe is also the flag of the European Union. The flag consist out of one circle with 12 yellow stars on a blue background. The number of the 12 stars is unchangeable and a symbol for the perfection and the unity of Europe.

 

 

 

The European anthem

- Ode an die Freude – is a special version of the last sentence out of the 9th symphony from Ludwig van Beethoven. With the last sentence of his symphony Beethoven set to music the “Ode an die Freude” from Friedrich von Schiller out of the year 1785. This poem was a symbol for Schillers idea that all humans become brothers and friends. Beethoven shared this idea. The same idea is the idea from the European Union. 1972 the Council of Europe appoint it to the Europe anthem. Since 1986 the European Union use the symphony also as the European anthem. The aim is not to replace the national anthems. The European anthem symbolize the unity in the diversity. The European anthem don’t use any words, only the universal language, the music which is understand over the whole world. To listen the European anthem click here.


European days


5th May
The Europe Day, which is celebrated since 1964 remind for the founding of the Council of Europe at 05. May 1949. In many countries all official buildings becomes decorat with flags.


9th May
At the 09. May 1950 Robert Schuman presented his idea for a united Europe as an essential premiss for a friendly peaceful Europe. This proposal (Schuman-Erklaerung, Schuman statement) is excepted as the basic for the European Union. On this day Europe celebrate festivals which are for the idea of a united Europe. The day is a symbol for the European unity like the European flag and the European anthem. The Schengen agreement

 

The Schengen area


A area without borders for European countries. The principle of the free personal traffic is for every national, independent of his nationality. For the citizen out of the countries in the European Union the free travel and the free personal traffic is nearly conclude. The agreement was expand to citizens of third countries, asylums and legal immigrant to become a standardized method Police and security The police still guarantee the security in the countries, at airports and harbor but with new methods. The agreement contain shared regulates for the actively oppose against terrorism, smuggler and the organized crime. More than this there is a nearer working planed in the fields justice, police and administration. More information If you want to know more about the Schengen agreement, passport regulations, VISA regulation and travel in other countries you can find it in our detailed document.

 

Short facts about the Euro


The euro has been a feature of the financial landscape since 1 January 1999. On 1 January 2002, it became a physical reality across Europe when the new euro banknotes and coins were introduced.

Is there a euro symbol?

  • Yes, just as is the case with the dollar ($) and the British pound (£) there is a symbol for the euro, too. The euro symbol is €.

 

What is the official euro abbreviation, and how will the euro be denominated?

  • The official abbreviation is EUR. One euro equals 100 eurocents. You can write 15.45 euro, €15.45 or EUR 15.45.


How many different euro notes and coins will be introduced?

  • There are seven bank notes in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 euros and eight coins in denominations of 1 cent, 2 cents, 5 cents, 10 cents, 20 cents, 50 cents, 1 euro and 2 euros.


How can you tell the eight euro coins apart?

  • The eight coins are different in size, weight, material, color, edge and thickness allowing the blind and visually impaired to tell the coins apart.

 

History of The Euro


The Treaty of Rome (1957) declared a common European market as a European objective with the aim of increasing economic prosperity and contributing to "an ever closer union among the peoples of Europe".

The Single European Act (1986) and the Treaty on European Union (1992) have built on this, introducing Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and laying the foundations for our single currency.

The third stage of EMU began on 1 January 1999, when the exchange rates of the participating currencies were irrevocably set. Euro area Member States began implementing a common monetary policy, the euro was introduced as a legal currency and the 11 currencies of the participating Member States became subdivisions of the euro. Greece joined on 1 January 2001 and so 12 Member States introduced the new euro banknotes and coins at the beginning of this year.

The successful development of the euro is central to the realisation of a Europe in which people, services, capital and goods can move freely.

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